Wool felted fabric

The fabric was manufactured following the same principles that we respect when producing yarns. The fleeces were minimally processed without the use of harsh chemicals. Next, the wool was spun by local traditional fiber mills and craftsmen used the yarn to create a woven fabric that was then subjected to a felting process. The result is a 100% woolen fabric that is ethically produced with respect for the environment and the person. And if you look closely you can even see some tiny pieces of vegetable matter (very tiny, I assure you).
 
The fabric is a heavyweight type (544gr / square m) and has a width of around 150cm. It is a perfect choice for winter garments or accessories.

Heritage

The Heritage yarn is a mix of wool, one that brings softness and one that brings durability. The Romanian merino sheep gave us their soft squishy wool and we mixed it with a bit of naturally brown Tigaie wool to create this grey shade that we call Industrial.

Because we minimally processed the wool, the yarn retains some of the protective layer of lanolin. Lanolin is the wool wax that help sheep to shed water from their coats and so, our yarns are especially suited for making garments that need to keep moist at bay, for instance gloves or socks. Especially persons suffering with rheumatoid arthritis could benefit from wearing wool gloves.

Please note that the weight of the skeins is not identical. We receive skeins of various weights because the machines of the fiber mill are not modern enough to produce consistent weights. Instead, it is the spinner that knows from experience how much wool has to be processed in every batch in order to get "more or less" the same weight skeins. We decided to weight the skeins after they were washed and dried. Skeins are then assigned to weight categories by following the + / - 5 gr rule: for example, between 46 to 55 we consider to be 50 gr, between 56 to 65 gr we consider to be 60 gr, etc. This is the best compromise that we can do in order to respect the technological limitations of the traditional fiber mills and to also ensure some kind of standardization that is required by the nowadays commercial trades.

We recommend using knitting needles EU 3 to 4. The yarn is spun in one strand and by using a lower size needle the fabric will have more durability. Length: 100 gr is around 330 m (fiber mill Sacele) and around 350 m (fiber mill Baicoi).


Hand wash and dry flat.

Romanian merino

Romanian merino is made from 100% pure wool from Romanian merino sheep. It comes in natural white.

Because we minimally processed the wool, the yarn retains some of the protective layer of lanolin. Lanolin is the wool wax that help sheep to shed water from their coats and so, our yarns are especially suited for making garments that need to keep moist at bay, for instance gloves or socks. Especially persons suffering with rheumatoid arthritis could benefit from wearing wool gloves.


Please note that the weight of the skeins is not identical. We receive skeins of various weights because the machines of the fiber mill are not modern enough to produce consistent weights. Instead, it is the spinner that knows from experience how much wool has to be processed in every batch in order to get "more or less" the same weight skeins. We decided to weight the skeins after they were washed and dried. Skeins are then assigned to weight categories by following the + / - 5 gr rule: for example, between 46 to 55 we consider to be 50 gr, between 56 to 65 gr we consider to be 60 gr, etc. This is the best compromise that we can do in order to respect the technological limitations of the traditional fiber mills and to also ensure some kind of standardization that is required by the nowadays commercial trades.

We recommend using knitting needles EU 3. The yarn is spun in one strand and by using a lower size needle the fabric will have more durability. Length: 100 gr is around 350 m.


Hand wash and dry flat.

Elena


Elena, the yarns, stand for being close to nature: no harsh chemicals were used while cleaning, washing and spinning the wool. This yarn has personality: it twists and curls, and has great stitch definition. It is old: it was spun by machines that are 100 years old. It is honest: it is about going back to basics, to the core of things. Any garment worked in this yarn will have a rustic, rough feel and even basic textured stitches will be accentuated.


Because we minimally processed the wool, the yarn retains some of the protective layer of lanolin. Lanolin is the wool wax that help sheep to shed water from their coats and so, our yarns are especially suited for making garments that need to keep moist at bay, for instance gloves or socks. Especially persons suffering with rheumatoid arthritis could benefit from wearing wool gloves.
Elena natural un-dyed comes in three shades: natural (offwhite), brown and grey.


We recommend that before using our yarns to wash them in tepid water and a mild pH neutral detergent. This will allow the yarn to blossom and it will improve softness.


Please note that the weight of the skeins is not identical. We receive skeins of various weights because the machines of the fiber mill are not modern enough to produce consistent weights. Instead, it is the spinner that knows from experience how much wool has to be processed in every batch in order to get "more or less" the same weight skeins. We decided to weight the skeins after they were washed and dried. Skeins are then assigned to weight categories by following the + / - 5 gr rule: for example, between 46 to 55 we consider to be 50 gr, between 56 to 65 gr we consider to be 60 gr, etc. This is the best compromise that we can do in order to respect the technological limitations of the traditional fiber mills and to also ensure some kind of standardization that is required by the nowadays commercial trades.

Elena single. We recommend using knitting needles EU no 3-4. Length: 100 gr is around 330 m. Gauge obtained with size 3.5 knitting needles is 20 stitches and 31 rows for 10 cm. Gauge obtained with size 3.5 crochet hook is 19 stitches and 25 rows for 10 cm.

Elena 2ply (discontinued). We recommend using knitting needles EU no 5-6. Length: 100 gr is around 155 m. Gauge obtained with size 5 knitting needle is 14 stitches for 10 cm.


Hand wash and dry flat.

Looking for sheep

This is a funny story from when we started Moeke Yarns, more precisely the part when we started to look for sheep. I knew that Romania has lots of sheep. The estimations were over 9 million sheep! Most of them are from a breed called Turcana that has coarse long hair, way too rough for knitting but great for carpets and such. But we were looking for a breed called Tigaie and for the rare Romanian merino sheep. The Tigaie sheep is a medium-wool breed, with good milk and meat production but they are harder to find – they represent only around 20% of the sheep population in Romania. The Merino sheep is ever harder to find as they represent only around 9% of the sheep in Romania.

 And so, here was our strategy to find sheep. I went to Romania in the spring, me and my brother got in the car and we drove to the country side to visit a flock that was recommended to us. Did we know how a Tigaie or Merino look like? No, we had no idea! Did we know the difference between fine and semi-fine wool? Well, I read about it. Crimp? Staple length? Only in theory… But I thought, well, how difficult could it be, right?

 We drove to the farm and saw sheep. Did they look good, all fluffy and cuddly like you see in pictures? Nope. They did not have pajamas on, and I was sure I saw some thistle heads tangled in their wool. And they looked kind of dirty. Was that normal, I wondered? In the photos of sheep that I saw, they did not really have so much poop clung on their wool. Why do they look like that, I asked? “Well, they stay during the winter inside because of the cold, of course they sleep on their poop sometimes.” And the thistle heads? “Well, some escaped to a nearby land full with the pesky thistles and they are very good at picking them up.” Right. Clear. And the breed? “Merino!” Really? They don’t really look like merino… “No, no, they are merino!”

Now, you might think that this was an awful experience and that the shepherd was trying to trick us. In fact, he was just being honest and had no idea that his sheep might seem so unbecoming. All sheep stay inside during the winter and none wears protective coats – why would they? Wool has no value in Romania so there is no point to make an effort to protect it. They feed on natural pastures, but those pastures are full with various types of vegetation, and some gets in their wool. Their tails are not clipped, nor is the skin around the buttocks removed, but they look rather filthy and unappealing. And they were not merino, they were Tigaie mixed with other breeds, maybe even some Merino, but the peasants call them “merino” because their wool is considered to be soft and they associate softness with merino sheep.

After that experience we learned how to understand the shepherds and all the synonims that they use for various sheep breeds. With some shepherds we had bad experiences, with some others, good ones. But we will never forget the naive way we started to look for sheep!